Namdapha National Park, Changlang, Arunachal Pradesh

November 25, 2014 - Arunachal Pradesh, National Park
Namdapha National Park, Changlang, Arunachal Pradesh

The Namdapha National Park is placed near to Miao in the Changlang district in the State of Arunachal Pradesh. The total area of the Park comes around 1,985.23 square kilometers. It is declared to be the third major national Park in India and protected area in biodiversity hotspot in the eastern Himalayas. The place has its border with Myanmar and positioned in the Dapha bum area in the Mishmi hills as well as the Patkhai range. Here, the park is located at a height of 200 meters to 4571 meters above the sea level. The place comes under the geographic locations of Palearctic and Indo Malayan areas that present numerous groups of species. Here, the visitors can see large number of bamboo trees. In this place the habitat varies when the height augments from tropical moist and Montane forests. Thereafter we can see the temperate forests, Alpine meadows and perennial snow.

As there are numerous vegetation spots, the place consists of great biodiversity of living species. In the park the tourist can see snow leopards, tigers, clouded leopards and other common leopards. Here, we can also watch Slow Loris, Rhesus Macaques, Capped Langurs, Stump tailed macaque, Hoolock Gibbons and Assamese Macaques. In addition to these cat groups, there are fishing cat, wolves, red panda, yellow throated marten, binturong, dholes, Oriental small clawed otter, small Indian civet, marbled cat, Asiatic black bears, spotted linsang, red fox, Eurasian otter, Indian civet, common palm civet, mongoose masked palm civet, Asiatic golden cat etc. In this beautiful park, the visitors get the opportunity to visit large number of herbivores creatures including hog deer, takin, elephants, gaur, bharal, Indian muntjac, common goral, sambar, wild boar, mainland serow etc.

When talking about birds, the park embraces of 425 varieties of birds. It is amazing to see five types of Hornbills which is reported from this place. In Namdapha, beautiful wren-babblers can be seen in addition to scimitar babblers, parrot bills, shrike babblers, laughing thrushes, snowy throated babbler, fulvettas etc. Among this group, the snowy throated babbler is one of the exceptional bird types which can be found in Mishmi hills and Patkai as well as the areas close to Northern Myanmar. Besides, some of the birds that are in danger of extinction comprises of Himalayan Wood Owl, Green Cochoa, Ward’s Trogon, White cheeked hill partridge, White tailed fish eagle, Rufous throated Hill-partridge, Rufous necked Hornbill, Eurasian Hobby, Beautiful Nuthatch, Amur Falcon, Ruddy Kingfisher, White winged Wood and Purple Cochoa.

In Namdapha, there consist of some tribal settlements of the Lisu tribes inside the Park. These tribes are settled at the eastern boundary of the park. This is border between India and Myanmar. In addition, we can see Tangsa, Chakma and Singpho people who reside in the park. The near airport and railway station to reach Namdapha is the Dibrugarh airport and Tinsukia railway station respectively. The visitors can avail the buses from Assam and Arunachal Pradesh State Transport Corporation. To enter the beautiful tourist destinations in Namdapha, we can move through Miao located in the district of Changlang in the State of Arunachal Pradesh. An additional one hour journey of 26 kilometers through forest area in between different streams and rivers will make us reach Deban placed near to the Himalayan ranges. The tourist can also take the help of taxies from the beautiful Miao to Deban which is really expensive. It will be convenient to visit the place during the month of October to April till the reach of monsoon rain.

Hence, the people can enjoy the charming prettiness of fertile green flora and fauna along with pollution free environment.  The complete records on the botanical resources of the forest are unknown as it takes more than 50 years to conduct the research. There are different types of medicinal plants like Mishimi Teeta that is used by the tribes to cure all types of diseases can be found here, but the export of the plant is prohibited.