The Changlang is a tourist destination placed in the State of Arunachal Pradesh with a population of around 6300 people. It is a census town and located as the headquarters of District of Changlang. The place has become famous due to the crude soil, mineral resources as well as coal deposits in addition to the hydro power and tourist spots. The people residing in the city consist of tribal population like Muklom, Tangsa and Lungchang. In this place, the people use more than 50 languages. The place is also exceptionally known for its civilization, culture and use of different languages. Here, many dialects in the districts are said to be in danger of extinction and some of them are already wiped out. The main cause for such extinction is the spread of Hindi language and tradition to these places.
For the purpose of safeguarding the fragile culture, civilization and languages of the North-eastern states of the nation, the Government of India had initiated an ‘Inner Line Permit’ (ILP). The permit adds Changlang also but excludes the State of Assam. In 2008, the ILP was challenged before the Guwahati High Court, but could not succeed. The ILP has similar status as that of second-degree Indian passport and all the people irrespective of citizens or non-citizens should have ILP to visit the protected areas.
In times gone by, in the State of Arunachal Pradesh, the Changlang district is most famous for historical incidents in the World War II. The Jairampur city located in Changlang is the place where war cemetery positioned near to the Indian army camp can be viewed by the visitors. As that of other parts of the Indian Territory, Changalang was not colonized by the British people. In the Silk Road period, the people residing in Changlang knew the secrets of tea plantation, cultivation and the traders in the place. But later, these secrets were reveled to the British by a Singpho leader. Recently, the militants of Nagaland claimed their land known as Nagalim embracing of some parts of Myanmar too. This created multiple problems to the Government and the Indian Army had to strive to tackle the situation. The Home Affairs department in the State of Arunachal Pradesh had asked the Indian Army to call back the surplus army men from the spot. Moreover, many young people were kidnapped by the Naga militants from Changlang to enlist them to their armed forces.
The Miao is the city located near the River Noa-Dehing which is one of the important tourist spots in Changlang. In the Patkai hill ranges, the Patkai Bum is located in Changlang. The Namdapha National Park is located at the Patkhai hills that constitute the boundaries at south and south eastern parts. There also contains museum and mini zoo which is the centre of attractions. The Tibetan refugees are notable in this place making woolen carpets in beautiful models and different colors in their area of settlement. Here, we can see oil drilling and stunning tea plantations.
Namdapha National Park And Tiger Reserve
The Namdapha National Park is located in the district of Changlang which is announced to be a Tiger Reserve in 1983. This place is located near to the Himalayan mountain ranges with an attractive park which is placed at different heights that starts from 200-4500 meters. The wonderful sight inspires the nature lovers and photographers. The park is located at an area of around 1985.23 square kilometers added with variety of flowers, tress, plants as well as animals. The green environment gives beauty to the places and the wide-ranging animals like tiger, elephant, Himalayan black bear, leopard, snow leopard etc are wonderful sights in Changlang.
Lake Of No Return
The name of the lake is exclusive and gives exceptional features. The lake provides for safe landing of planes which are struck by the enemy at the time of World War II when they are back from their assignment. This lake was selected for landing of the snags created from aircrafts. As various planes are landed here, the lake was given the name ‘Lake of No Return’. This place is placed at a distance of nearly 12 kilometers from Nampong. The tourists can enjoy the beauty of this wonderful destination from Pangsau Pass.
Tibetan Refugee Settlement Camp
Yet another tourist spot and the centre of attraction is the Tibetan Refugee Settlement Camp. Here, the refugees coming from Tibet have created their settlement and have systematized their lives. This camp which is the old settlement of the nation is placed at 4 kilometers from Miao. The refugees manufacture cotton, woolen carpets and many products made from hand. The tourists often visit this place to see the refugees and to buy their handicrafts.
World War II Cemetery
The World War II Cemetery is otherwise known as Jairampur Cemetery. Here we can see the burial place of the soldiers who gave their lives for their nation during the Second World War. The soldiers from various nations are cremated in this place. The countries include Britain, China, India and America. Due to the war, many innocent laborers living in the country had lost their lives. These people were working as domestic laborers and they lost lives due to disease like malaria, dysentery etc and landslides as well as flood.
The place of Changlang is also well-known for the Stilwell Road which was constructed at the time of World War II. The road previously known as Ledo Road was created by Americans. The road was renamed in remembrance of the Chief of Staff General Joseph Warren Stilwell in the Allied Forces. The road starts from the upper portion of river Brahmaputra and goes across the Burma Road and links Kunming. The road winds up almost 9000 feet of the Patkai range and starts at Shindbwiyang and Myitkyina. The Road thereafter passes through Upper part of Chindwin and Bhamo.
The Nampong is the entrance of the boundary between India and Myanmar. This is the place known all over the world for the Hell pass and Hell Gate. The name was thus given as it was very hazardous to go through this way at the time of World War II. The Stilwell road goes through the part of Nampong. The Pangsau Pass is located almost 12 kilometers from this place.
In Ranglum, one can see some of the waste particles of aircrafts that are crashed at the time of the Second World War. From this place, the tourist can view Patkai hill as well as Myanmar territory. The spot is famous for trekking and is of historical importance.
The Kengkho Village is located near the Tirap River. The visitors can enjoy the wonderful sight of the village and capture striking images. The village reflects the culture, tradition and heritage of the people in Changlang.
One of the well-known religious spots in Changlang is the Jongpho-Hate. The Shiva Linga here known as Tangjong has been placed here from time immemorial. The place is always crowded with pilgrim from various parts of the nations and foreigners.
Changlang is the land of beauty and replicates the tradition and culture of the people of Arunachal Pradesh. It is also a famous historical place where we can see the remains of the Second World War. The place is a colorful land with tree and wide variety of flowers giving vibrant features in our memories. The place is encircled with valleys and beautiful mountain ranges. The varying levels of height of the land and the superb countryside are inexplicable by words. The tourists always prefer to spend long vacations in this place due to the favorable climate as well. Changlang is really artistic where the sun rises at the mountain ranges in the eastern part.