Takht Sri Harimandir ji Patna Sahib Gurdwara was built in the remembrance of Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji, the tenth Guru of Sikhism`s birthplace here in Patna, Bihar, India. He was born on 22nd December 1966.Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji was also called Baba Pritam and Gobind Rai. He became a Guru in the year of 1675 on 11 November at the age of 11 years by succeeding his father Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur. Maharaja Ranjith Singh, the first maharaja of Sikh empire lived during 1780-1839, built this Gurdwara like the remaining Gurdwara in India and Pakistan.
Gurdwara is a religious place for Sikh religion. The construction was started in the year of 1837 and was completed by 1839. This holy place also houses a historical museum containing some ancient and beautiful artifacts on the upper floor of Gurdwara. The major earthquake which occurred in the year 1934 brought the holy place to a partial damage. The new and present existing Gurdwara was built during 1954-1956. The Gurdwara is most holy place for Sikhs not only because of it being the birth place of Gobind Rai, but also the founder of Sikhism, Shri Guru Nanak visited this place in early Sixteenth Century during his first visit to East.
Shri Guru Nanak Dev ji stayed about four months in Salis Rai`s house, a jeweler of Patna then Pataliputra. A congregational center was established for the people to gather at his house to listen the preaching of Shri Guru Nanak Dev ji. At the time of departure of Shri Guru Nanak Dev ji, Adhraka, a trusted servant of Salis Rai was appointed as the head of the congregation to propagate Shri Guru Nanak Dev ji`s preaching. Later the ninth successor of Shri Guru Nanak Dev ji, Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur, visited east in the beginning of 1666 AD for preaching. He stayed in Jaitamal`s house where Guru Nanak has made a center for his preaching in Patna. Ghanashyam, the fourth successor of Salis Rai, and great grandson of Adhraka, visited Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur and asked them to stay at Salis Rai Johri`s Sangat. This Salis Rai Johri`s Sangat is the birth place of Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji, now Thakth Sri Harmandir ji Patna Sahib.
Shri Gobind Rai spent his early six and half years here in Patna before moving to Anandpur. From his very childhood Shri Gobind Rai showed his saint and warrior activities. History mentioned that Shri Gobind Rai used to play with bows and arrows in his childhood. Shri Tegh Bahadur left to Punjab to continue his preaching. Later Shri Gobind Rai along with his mother and Nanakjee were called to Punjab due to the adverse conditions there in Punjab. The whole city of Patna bade a sorrowful farewell to the young prophet Shri Gobind Rai.
Patna Sahib is the Takth of Sikh Religion which means the seat of authority of Sikh religion. It is the second in the five Takth in India like Shri Akal Takth, Shri Anandpur Sahib, Shri Hazoor sahib and Shri Dumduma sahib. Patna Railway station was later renamed to Patna Sahib Station on the memory of Shri Gobind Rai.In the year 1708, Shri Guru Gobind Singh jideclared the tenth Guru of Sikhism as Shri Guru Granth Sahib, the first non-human prophet to guide the religion forever.
The Gurudwara was built in a huge place surrounded by the accommodation facilities for the visitors. The museum present here stored some of the historic relics as Shri Guru Granth Sahib containing the signature of Shri Gobind Rai ji, Chabbi Sahib, an ancient oil paint of Shri Gobind ji in his childhood. Phangura Sahib, a cradle on which Shri Gobind Ji used to sleep when he was a boy, a small Saif, a sword of Shri Gobind ji, Four Iron Arrows of Guru, one earthen Goli, One small iron chakri, one small khandan, one small iron Baghnakh, one wooden comb, Two Iron Chakers, a pair of sandals which are made of elephant teeth for the Guru Gobind Sahib ji in his young age, one pair of sandals made of sandalwood of Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji Maharaja, three wooden spinning Instruments of Shri Kabir Sahib, and a book containing Hukumnamas of Shri Tegh Bahadur ji and Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji with their pictures and writings.
One can reach Takht Sri Harimandir ji Patna Sahib easily as it is in the city itself. Patna Junction is 6-7 km, Airport is 14-15 km and Mithapur bus stop is 11-12 km. Patan Devi, Pathar ki Masjid and M V Ganga Vihar are only 1-2 km away from Patna Sahib and are the places to visit in the nearby vicinity.